Holiday Cottages in Tusmore for Rent
5 Cottages in Tusmore, near Banbury, Oxfordshire
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| Status||Ceremonial & Non-metropolitan county|
|Region:||South East England|
- Admin. council
- Total (2004 est.
- Admin. Council
1.7% S. Asian
Oxfordshire County Council
| Members of Parliament|
- Tony Baldry
- David Cameron
- Evan Harris
- Boris Johnson
- Andrew Smith
- Ed Vaizey
- South Oxfordshire
- Vale of White Horse
- West Oxfordshire
, from the Latinised form Oxonia
) is a county in south-east England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire.
It is divided into five local government districts: Oxford, Cherwell, Vale of the White Horse (after the Uffington White Horse), West Oxfordshire and South Oxfordshire.
The county has a major tourism industry. The area is noted for the concentration of performance motorsport companies and facilities. Oxford University Press has headed a concentration of print and publishing firms; the university is also linked to the concentration of local biotechnology companies.
The main centre of population is the city of Oxford. Other significant settlements are Bicester, Banbury, and Chipping Norton to the north of Oxford; Witney to the west; Thame and Chinnor to the east; and Abingdon, Wantage, Didcot and Henley-on-Thames to the south. Future population growth in the county is hoped to be concentrated around Banbury, Bicester, Didcot and Witney, near the South Midlands growth area.
The highest point of the county is Whitehorse Hill, in the Vale of White Horse, reaching 856 feet (261m).
Oxfordshire's county flower is the Snake's-head Fritillary.
HistoryMain article: History of Oxfordshire.
Historically the area has always had some importance, it has been valuable agricultural land resting between the main southern cities and containing the prestigious settlement at Oxford (whose name came from Anglo-Saxon Oxenaford
= "ford for oxen"). Ignored by the Romans, it was not until the formation of a settlement at Oxford that the area grew in importance. Alfred the Great was born in Wantage. The University of Oxford was founded in 1096. The area was part of the Cotswolds wool trade from the 13th century. The Great Western Railway reached Didcot in 1839. Morris Motors was founded in Oxford in 1912 and MG in Abingdon in 1929. The importance of agriculture as an employer has declined rapidly in the 20th century; currently under one percent of the county's population are involved.
In 1808 the county had fourteen hundreds, namely Bampton, Banbury, Binfield, Bloxham, Bullingdon, Chadlington, Dorchester, Ewelme, Langtree, Lewknor, Pyrton, Ploughley, Thame and Wootton.
The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was based at the Barracks on Bullingdon Green, Cowley.
The Vale of the White Horse and parts of South Oxfordshire south of the River Thames are traditionally part of Berkshire but were added to the administrative county in 1974. Conversely, the Caversham area of Reading is traditionally part of Oxfordshire. (See History of Oxfordshire for the traditional county boundaries).
In June 2004 the auditors refused to sign off social services accounts from which £11 million had not yet been accounted for.
Towns and cities
(Those marked with (B)
are traditionally in Berkshire.)
- Abingdon (B)
- Chipping Norton
- Didcot (B)
- Faringdon (B)
- Wallingford (B)
- Wantage (B)
For a more complete list of settlements in the county see List of places in Oxfordshire
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Oxfordshire at current basic prices published (pp.240-253) by Office for National Statistics
with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
| Year || Regional Gross Value Added4 || Agriculture1 || Industry2 || Services3|
| 1995 || 7,607 || 120 || 2,084 || 5,404|
| 2000 || 10,594 || 80 || 2,661 || 7,853|
| 2003 || 12,942 || 93 || 2,665 || 10,184|
includes hunting and forestryNote 2:
includes energy and constructionNote 3:
includes financial intermediation services indirectly measuredNote 4:
Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
Places of interest
| || National Trust|
| || English Heritage|
| || Forestry Commission|
| || Country Park|
| || Accessible open space|
| Museums (free/not free)|
| || Heritage railway|
| || Historic House|
- Blenheim Palace — UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Chinnor & Princes Risborough Railway — A heritage railway operated with steam and diesel locomotives
- Didcot Railway Centre — Museum of the Great Western Railway
- Greys Court
- Kelmscott Manor — Home of William Morris
- River and Rowing Museum
- River Thames
- Rousham House and Gardens
- Philip Powell - The Geology of Oxfordshire (Dovecote Press, 2005) ISBN 1904349196
This article was copied on 11 July 2006. The current version
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