Luxury Self Catering Seaside Holiday Cottage, 4 bedroom in Elie Nr Leven, Fife
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- This article is about the area in Scotland. For other uses, see Fife (disambiguation).
in Gaelic) is a council area of Scotland, situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with landward boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire. It was originally one of the Pictish kingdoms, known as Fib
, and is commonly known as the Kingdom of Fife
It is a lieutenancy area, and was a county of Scotland until 1975. It was very occasionally known by the anglification Fifeshire
in old documents and maps compiled by English cartographers and authors. A person from Fife is known as a Fifer
From 1975 to 1996 Fife was a local government region divided into three districts — Dunfermline, Kirkcaldy and North-East Fife. Since 1996 the functions of the district councils have been exercised by the unitary Fife Council.
The historical town of St Andrews is located on the east coast of Fife. It is well known for one of the most ancient universities in Europe, and as the home of golf.
History of Fife
Popularly known as 'the wee kingdom', the region of Fife (formerly the county of Fife) takes its name from Fibh, a 7th centruy Pictish king. Fibh was one of the seven sons of Cruithne, a warrior king who ruled over a wide area of ancient Scotland.
Legend has it that upon the death of Cruithne, the Pictish realm - known collectively as 'Pictavia' - was divided into seven sub-kingdoms or provinces, one of which became Fife. The name is recorded as Fib in 1150 and Fif in 1165.
The Kingdom of Fife probably also owes its popular epithet to the fact that its distinctive shape - bounded to the north by the Firth of Tay and to the South by the Firth of Forth - makes a naturally self-contained region whose boundaries have changed little over the ages.
Geography of Fife
Fife is a peninsula in eastern Scotland bordered on the north by the River Tay estuary, on the east by the North Sea and the Firth of Forth to the south. The route to the west is partially blocked by the mass of the Ochill Hills. Almost all traffic into and out of the county has to pass over one of three bridges, south on The Forth Road Bridge, west on the Kincardine Bridge or north east via The Tay Road Bridge, the exception being traffic headed north on the [M90].
There are a number of extinct volcanic features, such as the Lomond Hills which rise above rolling farmland. The coast has many fine but small harbours, from the industrial docks in Burntisland and Rosyth to the fishing villages of the East Neuk such as Anstruther and Pittenweem.
Towns and villages
- Abercrombie, Aberdour, Anstruther, Auchterderran, Auchtermuchty
- Balfarg, Ballingry, Balmerino, Balmullo, Benarty, Buckhaven, Burntisland
- Cairneyhill, Cardenden, Carnbee, Carnock, Cellardyke, Ceres, Cluny, Cowdenbeath, Craigrothie, Crail, Crombie, Crossford, Crosshill, Culross, Cupar
- Dairsie, Dalgety Bay, Donibristle, Dunfermline, Dysart
- Earlsferry, East Wemyss, Elie
- Falkland, Freuchie
- Gateside, Glenrothes, Guardbridge
- Hill End
- Kelty, Kennoway, Kilconquhar, Kilmany, Kilrenny, Kincardine, Kinghorn, Kinglassie, Kingsbarns, Kirkcaldy
- Ladybank, Leslie, Leuchars, Leven, Letham, Limekilns, Lindores, Lochgelly, Lower Largo, Lundin Links
- Newburgh, Newport-on-Tay, North Queensferry
- Pitscottie, Pittencrief, Pittenweem
- Springfield, St Andrews, St Monans, Stratheden, Strathkinness
- Tayport, Thornton
- Upper Largo
- West Wemyss, Woodhaven, Wormit
Places of interest
- Balmerino Abbey
- Dogton Stone
- Dunfermline Abbey
- Fife Coastal Path
- Fife Folk Museum
- Forth Bridge
- Lomond Hills
- Scotstarvit Tower
- Scottish Fisheries Museum
- St. Andrews Botanic Gardens
- Tay Rail Bridge
- Tay Road Bridge
- Tentsmuir Forest
- See :Category:Natives of Fife
- Robert Adam, architect
- Kevin Anderson, boxer
- Jim Baxter, footballer
- Andrew Carnegie, industrialist and philanthropist
- Alexander Selkirk, sailor and inspiration for Robinson Crusoe
- Dougray Scott, actor
- Jimmy Shand, accordion player
- Adam Smith, economist
- Ian Rankin, writer
- Jack Vettriano, artist
- East Fife F.C., Senior football club based in Methil
- Raith Rovers F.C., Senior football club based in Kirkcaldy
- Dunfermline Athletic F.C., Senior football club based in Dunfermline
- Cowdenbeath F.C., Senior football club based in Cowdenbeath
- Fife Flyers, the UK's oldest ice hockey club
- Fife Lions, Rugby League club
- Aberdour Shinty Club, the only senior shinty club in Fife.
Council political composition
- Labour - 36
- Liberal Democrat - 23
- Scottish National Party - 12
- Conservative - 2
- Independent - 4
- Independent Campaign for Local Hospitals - 1
This article was copied on 11 July 2006. The current version
is available on Wikipedia.
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